Know least about 450 types of psychotherapy. Unified systematization of such a wide and still growing list of almost unreal, and classification of types of psychotherapy varies considerably from author to author. But nevertheless most forms of psychotherapy can be correlated with major approaches. Consider the basic approaches in psychotherapy .
The psychodynamic approach.
Originates with the principles and techniques of psychoanalysis. coming from a dynamic understanding of psychic phenomena «… as a manifestation of the struggle of spiritual forces, as targeted expression of tendencies that operate in accordance with each other or against each other» (Z. Freud. 1915). The goal of psychotherapy — the understanding and resolution of inner emotional conflicts . arisen in the earliest relationships that determine the subjective value of subsequent experience and reproduced in later life.
The therapeutic relationship is used to identify, explain, and change these subjective values. Relationship «therapist-patient» considered as a reflection of ascending to the early experience of subjective values, emotional conflicts . During the therapeutic relationship, the patient unconsciously transfers to the therapist Continue reading
In recent decades, psychologists have made a number of remarkable discoveries.
One of them is about the importance of communication style with the child to develop his or her personality.
Bad food poisons the body; improper communication is poisoning the child’s mind. The style of parental interaction involuntarily recorded (imprinted) in the child’s mind.
The parents of difficult children themselves suffered from conflicts with their own parents. Most parents raise their children the way they themselves were raised in childhood.
To change the style of communication with the child, the parent should:
1. Of course to adopt a child is to love him not for what he’s handsome, smart, calm and so on, and just like that, just for what he is! You must tell the child that he is dear to you. Four hours of communication per day is absolutely necessary for everyone to survive, and for good health at least eight (Virginia Satir)
2. Do not interfere in the case, which makes the child unless he asks for help. His laissez-faire you will tell him: “you all right, you’re going to fail.”
3. If a child is difficult, and he is ready to ask for your Continue reading