Optimal age difference between children. When to give birth to a second?


Question about the time of the birth of the first child often does not occur in young families, because loving each other people usually tend soon after the wedding to become parents. Fortunately, for most the only child is not the limit of desires, and after some time after the birth of their first child the couple think about it, but isn’t it time for them to have a little happiness. Is it worth it to jump to second birth to children then it was more fun to play together, or better to wait until the eldest is sufficiently independent?

Of course, quite a common situation is when the pregnancy is a surprise, but in this case, moms and dads will be interested to know what is ready for the expected age difference between their children. Look at the different options.

The age difference between children less than 3 years

The difference to 3 years includes as option with pogodki. and the more “respectable” age difference. Why 3 years? Usually a three-year age psychologists see as the turn of the children’s independence . To 3 years the child perceives the mother as an integral Continue reading

The Influence of parents on children


There are several relatively Autonomous psychological mechanisms through which parents influence their children. In the first place. the reinforcements. encouraging behavior that adults think is right ,and punishing the violation of established rules ,parents inculcate in the mind of the child a certain system of norms ,compliance with which gradually becomes for the child a habit and an internal need. Secondly. identification. the child imitates the parents ,guided by their example ,is trying to become like them. Thirdly ,understanding. knowing the inner world of the child and sensitively responding to its challenges ,parents thereby shape his consciousness and communicative quality.

Family socialization is not confined to direct “paired” to the interaction of the child with the parents. Thus, the effect of identification can be neutralized by a counter-role complementarity. for example, in a family where both parents can very well run a household, the child may not develop these abilities. as. although before his eyes a fine specimen. the family does not need the manifestation of these qualities; on the contrary. in the family. where the mother of echosystem, this role may take on the eldest daughter. No less important is the psychological mechanism of resistance. the young Continue reading